Energy savingIs a set of measures to reduce the degree of negative impact on the environment, as well as to save money on the purchase of energy resources.
The Energy Saving and Energy Efficiency Program is a document that establishes certain rules in the field of energy conservation for specialized organizations.
Which institutions and organizations are required to implement energy saving programs:
organizations whose activities are subject to government regulation;
state and municipal institutions;
enterprises engaged in the production or transportation of fuel and energy resources (fuel and energy resources);
organizations in which the energy efficiency and energy saving program is financed from the local (federal) budget;
organizations that annually spend more than 50 million rubles on fuel and energy resources.
Purpose of the program- saving heat and electricity, natural gas, motor fuel, water, etc. , competent use of resources, as well as the organization of a general comprehensive approach when carrying out various procedures for energy saving.
The planned goals are achieved by:
increasing the productivity of electricity and heat supply systems, water supply and sewerage systems;
use of highly efficient equipment and materials;
introduction of the latest and proven technologies for energy saving;
installation of metering devices;
organizing various measures aimed at the economical use of energy and resources. For example, training employees, monitoring the operation of heating equipment, tracking the dynamics of energy consumption, etc.
On the basis of these regulatory documents, an energy saving program is being developed:
"On energy saving and energy efficiency increase";
"On the requirements for regional and municipal programs in the field of energy conservation . . . ";
"On additional measures to stimulate energy conservation";
"On increasing the efficiency of energy and water use . . . "
"On the Procedure for Establishing Requirements for Programs in the Field of Energy Saving and Increasing Energy Efficiency of Organizations Carrying Out Regulated Activities"
The above program without fail includes:
Information about target indicators that can show a decrease in consumption in physical terms and in comparable conditions;
List of energy saving (organizational, administrative, technological, aggregate and automation) measures;
Passport of the program.
Stages of development of this program:
First, specialists collect data on resource consumption for the last year of the enterprise's operation. This is helped by the readings of metering devices, as well as accounting documents;
Then (if necessary) an energy survey of buildings and structures is carried out. The reasons for the unjustified consumption of energy resources are being clarified. Possibilities of energy saving are assessed;
Targets and indicators for energy consumption are defined. Energy efficiency measures are being developed, and technical and economic indicators of these measures are calculated. The volume and source of funding are determined;
The passport of the energy efficiency program is being developed.
Important points in the development and implementation of energy-saving programs:
Budget organizations must necessarily reduce their consumption volumes by at least 3% annually. Administrators of budgetary funds monitor compliance with this requirement, and savings over 3% remain within the enterprise or institution;
It is forbidden to purchase goods that are inefficient in terms of energy consumption. These are incandescent lamps, etc. At least 5% of purchased lighting devices must be LED lamps. At least 10% of the total number of installed insulating glass units must have a low-emission coating;
An obligatory event is the installation of metering devices.
For organizations carrying out regulated activities (transmission of electricity, water, heat, etc. ), the Energy Saving and Energy Efficiency Program is developed for 3 years, if there is an existing investment program - for the duration of the program.