How to save electricity in a private house? In their own home, the owner needs to spend additional funds on outdoor lighting and heating. Therefore, so that there is not a big difference between the city and "private" budgets, it is necessary to start optimizing energy consumption. You can save money with a few tricks, a simple reduction in consumption, and changing meters.
The main ways to save
There are legal and illegal ways to save money. Illegal options should not be turned to because of immorality. Such "savings" are considered fraudulent. In this regard, when checking, the owner can be condemned. However, in the private sectors, meter checks are carried out too rarely.
How to save electricity in a private house - tricks:
- use grounding;
- rationalize energy consumption by replacing old equipment with new ones;
- use energy saving lamps;
- to teach family members to constantly turn off lights and electrical appliances;
- avoid the "standby" state of electrical appliances;
- using a loophole in old counters, stop the drum;
- exclude the meter from the power grid;
- install a multi-tariff meter;
- use a strong magnet;
- use a battery;
- make a smart heating system.
All points are detailed below.
Old counter tricks
If the meter is old it is easy to unplug it, ground it or use a magnet. But the easiest way is to use thin wire. The algorithm is as follows:
- a thin hole is made in the counter cover;
- a thin wire is inserted into the hole;
- the wire blocks the drum, and it stops spinning, that is, it no longer counts electricity.
This method is illegal. Other techniques that can be used on an older instrument are magnetization and grounding.
Using a magnet to save money
Legacy models do not have a seal to prevent magnetization. However, this does not eliminate the risk that a verification team will appear in the private sector to check the magnetization level of the meter. Factory devices have a neutral magnetic field, and those on which the trick with a magnet was used - changed. Therefore, this method must be used with caution.
Use only strong magnets - neodymium to change the readings. They pay off easily: small parts in a set of 20. cost about 1000 rubles. Neodymium magnets are sold in a special tight case, which is no coincidence: magnetic elements are easily attracted to the iron from a distance of 30 cm or less. To disconnect the magnetic strip from the iron, you need to have fabric or foam between these elements.
How to save electricity in a private house using a magnet? The magnet must be wrapped with a cloth, then attached to the meter. To prevent the glass elements from breaking and dents to appear on the case (the magnet is attracted very quickly), you need to put your hand between the counter and neodymium when bringing it up, and then slowly remove it.
Grounding for meter bypass
How to save electricity in a private house using grounding? The zero contact is closed in the electrical circuit of the energy meter and transmits information about the energy expended. If the zero contact is grounded, then the count will stop. In apartment buildings, grounding is complicated: the wire can only be diverted to the water supply of the residents located below the riser. This is fraught with an electric shock. In private houses, it is enough to bring the wire to the ground.
Energy efficiency and replacement of electrical appliances
The main factor in saving electrical energy is the optimization of its use. A private home owner must learn to:
- turn off the light in rooms from which it comes out even for a short time;
- disconnect electrical appliances from the network that do not work on a permanent basis;
- choose the right technique.
The technical equipment in the house - both wiring and the appliances themselves - must be modern. Modern appliances consume half the energy. To save electricity, it will be rational to purchase energy-saving lamps. They cost more than incandescent bulbs, but are also brighter. They quickly pay off, because they consume several times less energy.
The light needs special attention. When working at a desk, turn off the overhead light and leave the desk lamp. At dusk, it is enough to use not the maximum mode of the chandelier, but 1-2 lamps. To save money, dimmers are suitable - circular switches that allow you to adjust the lighting level.
Many electrical appliances are constantly in a "standby" state. They are plugged into an outlet and consume a small percentage of energy, but they have no function. TVs, microwaves, chargers, computers, if not in use at the moment, must be turned off.
Updated counters operate at different rates. Depending on the region, there are two or three modes - day and night or day, evening and night. Depending on the mode, kilowatts of energy cost differently. Since CHP plants generate 30% less energy at night, the rate per kilowatt is reduced at night. Therefore, washing machines, heating appliances, air conditioners should be turned on at night. This is especially true for houses with an electric boiler, if there is no gas for heating.
Alternative method - saving with battery
How to save electricity in a private house using a battery? The simple method involves replacing most of the fixtures with battery-powered LEDs. At night or in the dark, a portable battery-powered lamp is enough to walk to the street, walk from the gate to the house, and walk to the toilet. This is a cheap variation of motion sensors - the lights only turn on when you move around the house, and there are no additional costs for installing the sensors.