The issue of raising utility tariffs worries every citizen of cities and villages. Electricity is becoming more expensive, since the reserves of resources that are used to transform heat energy into electricity are beginning to run out on our planet. Prices are getting higher every year, and consumption is growing steadily. Therefore, the next question arises, how and why you need to save electricity in a house, apartment or summer cottage. In this article, we will try to answer these questions.
Why does electricity become more expensive
The first reason, as mentioned above, is that the Earth's resources such as coal, oil and natural gas are running out. The second reason is the environmental problem. When burning the same coal, harmful elements are emitted into the atmosphere in large quantities. The environmental issue began to bother scientists very much, so in many countries they began to move to environmentally friendly types of electricity production, such as nuclear, wind and water. However, this is costly during construction, and dangerous if all safety precautions are not followed.
It should also be noted that the consumption of electricity in cities and towns is growing every day, since in our modern life, household and other technical equipment requires a large amount of electricity. And since tariffs are growing, the price is sometimes considerable. Of course, there are many ways to save money.
The state of the economy, inflation and tax increases also play a huge role. Next, we will consider options for why you need to save electricity.
Why saving electricity is important
As already noted, most people have a fairly limited budget, so saving energy is often a top priority, especially in winter. Also, such savings will lead to a decrease in the consumption of natural resources, and, accordingly, the emission of harmful substances into the atmosphere will decrease.
To give a rough idea of how this manifests itself, here's an example. The main resource that is used to generate electricity is coal. Generating 100 watts of power uses approximately 50 kilograms of coal. Therefore, saving hundreds of watts of electricity, you save a resource and thereby do not harm nature.
The same can be calculated for other types of resources. So, for example, when generating 100 W of electricity, an average of 30 liters of oil is consumed, and the same amount of natural gas. That is, by saving electricity in your home, you are doing better not only for yourself, but for the whole country.
How to save money
Statistics show that the main amount of energy is spent on lighting the home, since no house at the moment can do without an electric light bulb. Some rooms may have up to a dozen of them. It is easy to calculate the consumption yourself. For example, in the living room there is a chandelier with four shades. On average, 80-100 W bulbs are used, that is, about 400 W of electricity is consumed per hour. Since the light in the room is often not on all day, the consumption, at first glance, is not that great. However, a tidy sum comes out a month, and that's just for coverage. Therefore, as an option to save energy, "housekeeping" bulbs (fluorescent and LED) are used. They reduce electricity consumption by three times, or even more. They pay for themselves completely, since their service life is measured in years, from about five to ten years.
Also, do not forget about the overall saving of light, as sometimes people can forget to turn it off, and it stays on all night or all day. Alternatively, it is advisable to use the natural light of the Sun during the day, and turn on the lighting in the evening. Also, don't forget to wash your chandeliers, windows and use light-colored wallpaper on the walls. This creates the feeling of a brighter room and eliminates the need for additional lighting.
Further, after lighting in terms of electricity consumption, heating follows, but you can switch to independent. You should not forget about the insulation of your home, regardless of whether you live in an apartment or in a private house. This plays a huge role as the heat will not leave your home and you will not turn on the heaters as often. Install metal-plastic windows, as the wooden ones are warm, but over time they dry out and begin to let the wind from the street and drive the heat out of the house. All this requires considerable expenses, but it is better to invest once and then not worry about unnecessary expenses than to spend a lot of money on heating and light every month.
The next wiring in the list. Most houses still have old wiring. It works, but during operation it wears out, and the insulation can transmit electrical impulses to the outside. This leads to a loss of electricity, as well as a lack of voltage in the network. It is worth getting rid of unnecessary sockets, tees and extension cords that are not used, as they increase the resistance in the circuit and there is a greater consumption. The surplus of this equipment can sooner or later lead to a short circuit.
Devices connected to the mains, but not turned on, while in sleep mode, still consume electricity. The costs are insignificant, but over a long period of time, the expense can bite. If you are not using the device or equipment at the moment, we advise you to disconnect the device from the network to save energy. It is especially worth paying attention to devices that consume a lot of energy. Among them are an electric stove, a boiler, a food processor, and more. It is better not to use them at full capacity unnecessarily. And so with almost all electrical appliances. For example: the refrigerator cannot be placed next to the heater, as it will not turn off and will cool constantly.
Wealthy people install systems and appliances that regulate their own electricity consumption in their homes. Although they have no questions about why to save energy. This is a very expensive equipment and not everyone can afford it. Therefore, try to save electricity in all the ways listed above.
So, summing up, you can see that it is necessary and useful to save electricity in the house. This gives you a chance not only to save your funds, but also to protect nature itself.
Hopefully this article has given you an idea of why you need to save energy. Be careful and careful when choosing a way to save money.